Risks and Possible Complications of Vasectomy
Vasectomy is safe. But it does have risks. They include the following:
- Bleeding or infection
- Sperm granuloma. This is a small, harmless lump. It may form where the vas deferens is sealed off.
- Sperm buildup (congestion). This may cause soreness in the testes. Anti-inflammatory medications can provide relief.
- Epididymitis. This is inflammation that may cause scrotal aching. It often goes away without treatment. Anti-inflammatory medications can provide relief.
- Reconnection of the vas deferens. This can occur in rare cases. It makes you fertile again. This may result in an unplanned pregnancy.
- Sperm antibodies. Develpoing antibodies is a common response of your body to the absorbed sperm. The antibodies can make you sterile. This is true even if you later try to reverse your vasectomy.
- Long-term testicular discomfort. This may occur after surgery. But it’s very rare.